Sunday, January 22, 2012

Ban on Political Parties by the King in 1961 A.D

King Mahendra formed a government under the chairmanship of Subarna Shumsher Rana on December 7,1957. On November 17, 1958 A.D the king promulgated the constitution known as the Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, 1958. The general election was held in the same year. The Nepali Congress Party obtained 74 seats out of the 109 seats. Bisheshwor Prasad Koirala became the first democratically elected Prime Minister of Nepal. The Nepali Congress led a single party government. However, very ambitious king Mahendra deposed the B.P. Koirala government on 1960 A.D., imprisoned B.P. Koirala and other leaders and banned the political parties and their activities. The king dissolved the parliament using article 55 of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, 1958. This undemocratic act of King Mahendra on December 16, 1960 is regarded as the 'Black Day' in the history of Nepal.

The names of the ministers fo the cabinet formed on May 27, 2059 A.D who were dismissed by King Mahendra are given below:

  1. B.P. Koirala (Bisheshwor Prasad Koirala)
  2. Subarna SJB Ran
  3. Ganesh Maan Singh
  4. Surya Prasad Upadhaya
  5. Ram Narayan Mishra
  6. Kashi Nath Gautam
  7. Parasu Narayan Chaudhary
  8. Shiva Raj Pant
  9. Prem Raj Angdembe
  10. Surya Nath Das Yadav
  11. Lalit Chanda 
  12. Dwarika Devi Thankurani
  13. Min Bahadur Gurung
  14. Jaman Singh Gurung
  15. Yogendra Man Sherchan
  16. Newa Bahadur Malla
  17. Dr. Tulsi Giri
  18. Shiva Prasad Shah
  19. Dewan Singh Rai 
  20. Hora Prasad Joshi, and 
  21. Tribeni Prasad Pradhan
King Mahendra dismissed the popularly elected government on December 16, 1960 and the leaders who opposed the king's undemocratic act were tortured and detained.

                                                                                                         to be continue..................

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