Wednesday, January 4, 2012

The Causes of the Downfall of the Rana Rule

  1. Family Intrigues and conflicts: Several efforts were made during the rule of Jung Bahadur to overthrow him from power but they were all futile. After his death, Ranodip became the Prime Minister who was childless. The 1938 Parva and 1942 Parva(Massacre) gave a new turn in the history of the Rana rule. The sons of Dhir Shamsher assassinated Ranodip and the sons of Jung Bahadur and the role of succession went to the lineage of Dhir Shumsher. Chandra Shamser conspired and dismissed Dev Shumsher. Thus, there were always conflicts and conspiracies among the Ranas.
  2. Expulsion of 'C' class Ranas: Chandra Shumsher divided the Rana family into A,B and C classes and initiate fraction among the Ranas. Judddha Shumsher exiled 'C' class Ranas from the role of succession and exiled them. As a result, the exiled 'C' class Ranas went against the Rana rule, supported anti Rana movements and helped to bring the Rana rule to an end.
  3. Anti-Rana Movements: During the time of Jung Bahadur itself the protest against the autocratic rule began. Even though voices were raised against Rana regime in an unorganized way after the First World War Chandra Shumsher suppressed them. Chandra Shumsher also suppressed Makai Parva and Arya Samaj. Several anti Rana movements in the form of the charkha movement, Prachanda Gorkha, Mahvir School, library Parva, Praja Parishad, Jayatu Sanskritam gained momentum that mae people more aware of their rights and encouraged the people to fight against the Rana rule.
  4. Abdication of Throne by King Tribhuwan and Armed Revolution: Nepali Congress Party launched an armed revolution against the Rana rule in 2007 B.S.or 1950 A.D. Meanwhile, King Tribhuwan left the Narayanhiti Palace for India in Kartik 2007 B.S./ October 1950. As a result, the Anti-Rana Movement reached its climax. The Rana regime came to an end in Nepal after the proclamation of democracy on 7 falgul 2007/ February 19, 1950.