After the end of the 104-year-old Ranarchy through the joint effort of the democratic forces and King Tribhuwan, a new wave of politics float across Nepal. After the historic Delhi Agreement, King Tribhuwan returned to Kathmandu on 15 February 1951 A.D and declared democracy in Nepal. A democratic government was formed between the Nepali Congress and the Ranas. The ministerial cabinet approved the 'Interim Constitution' on March 30, 1951 A.D. The Constitution represented the spirit and right of the Nepalese people. The constitution also included the directive principles of state policy, fundamental rights and freedom of the citizens. The council of minister was responsible to the king.
The Ranas were attempting to restore their autocratic power. The ministers representing the Nepali Congress felt that the presence of the Ranas would not provide suitable political and administrative conditions to put into practice the spirit of the constitution. Therefore, on November 11, 1951 A.D, the ministers from the Nepali Congress Party resigned. It compelled Rana Prime Minister Mohan Shumsher and other ministers from the Rana side also to resign. After the resignation of Mohan Shumsher and his cabinet, king Tribhuwan invited and directed Nepali Congress President, Matrika Prasad Koirala, to form a 14-member ministerial cabinet or government.
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